The use of anesthesia during dental procedures to put the patients in an almost sleep like state is called Sedation dentistry. The Sedation dentistry is often used for patients who are anxious and fidgety about dental procedures so that they can relax making it easier for both themselves as well as for the dentist. It helps the patient to relax while helping the dentist to adjust the orientation of the mouth better for the dental procedure.
The type of sedation used for the patient is heavily determined on the anxiety levels of the patient, which is best determined by the dentist. It is also dependent on the time taken for the dental procedures, with longer dental procedures meaning stronger sedatives need to be administered and weaker sedatives for shorter dental procedures. The majorly used sedation procedures include –
Oral Sedatives – As the name implies, this type of sedative is administered orally and is usually given to the patient at half hour prior to the dental procedure. Oral sedatives are unable to numb the dental region, so an injection anaesthetic is provided just before the start of the treatment process to numb the region where the procedure needs to be done.
Intravenous Sedation – This type of sedation is provided intravenously and needs a seperate anaesthetic injection as they do not contain their own anaesthetic. The dentist injects the anaesthetic just before the start of the dental procedure.
Nitrous Oxide Sedation – This type of sedation is provided through inhalation and when inhaled, this gas provides a deep state of relaxation. Even this procedure needs the administration of an anaesthetic prior to the start of the dental procedure to numb the region.
General Anaesthesia – This form of sedation requires the use of an anaesthesia to make the patient unconscious and makes the patient unaware of his surroundings and renders him in a deep sleep like position. It does not require anaesthesia to be separately given before the start of the dental procedure.
The sedation methods posted above can provide varying levels of sedation, namely, anxiolysis, which refers to light sedation, conscious sedation, which refers to moderate sedation where the patient is extremely relaxed, deep sedation, where the patient may need assistance in breathing and finally unconsciousness, which basically means the patient has lost track of their surroundings.
Sedation dentistry is designed for those people who get anxious or are phobic to dentistry and avoid dental treatment at all costs. They help the patients to get their dental issues fixed while allowing the dentist to work without any difficulty. These methods are also useful for children as sedatives help them to become less restless and impatient. Anxiety and phobia of the dentist can also be reduced by visiting the dentist more regularly as well as instilling proper dental care and the importance of dental treatments in young children.
Belmont dental associates specialize in a variety of dental procedures, including sedation dentistry. Their team is highly efficient and professional yet ensure that the needs of their patients are met first and foremost. They cater to all age groups.